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United States Military

VA Educational Benefits

Chapter 30: Montgomery GI Bill Active Duty Chapter 30 benefits are for veterans who began active duty service for the first time after June 30, 1985. Servicemembers who may be eligible to use or collect Chapter 30 benefits must have contributed $1,200.00 towards their Chapter 30 education benefits. The $1,200.00 is withheld from their pay during their first 12 months of active duty service and is non-refundable. Chapter 30 benefits provide veterans with up to 36 months of full-time education pay that must be used prior to the ten-year delimiting end date.

Chapter 30 Kicker: A kicker is part of the enlistment contract. It is often referred to as the Army or Navy College Fund. Higher monthly benefits are paid to Chapter 30 participants with “kickers.” The higher benefit rates are paid automatically when benefits are paid. If veterans don’t receive the benefit they believe they are entitled to receive, they should call the VA regarding the discrepancy so that it can be resolved with the Department of Defense.

Chapter 30 Buy-up Program: Some Servicemembers may contribute up to an additional $600 to the GI Bill to receive increased monthly benefits. For an additional $600 contribution, Servicemembers may receive up to $5400 in additional GI Bill benefits. The increased benefit is payable only after leaving active duty, and the additional contribution must be made while on active duty. For more information, contact your personnel or payroll office.

Chapter 31: VA Vocational Rehabilitation Education Program
VA Vocational Rehabilitation is a program whose primary function is to help veterans with service-connected disabilities become suitably employed, maintain employment, or achieve independence in daily living. The program offers a number of services to help each eligible disabled veteran reach his or her rehabilitation goal. These services include vocational and personal counseling; education and training; financial aid; job assistance; and, if needed, medical and dental treatment. Services generally last up to 48 months, but they can be extended in certain instances.

A veteran may be eligible for Vocational Rehabilitation (Chapter 31) benefits if he/she:
  • Received or will receive a discharge under other than dishonorable conditions;
  • Incurred or aggravated a service-connected disability which entitles him/her to VA disability compensation; and
  • Vocational rehabilitation is needed due to his/her service-connected disability creating an employment handicap.

An eligible veteran generally has 12 years from the date he/she is notified of entitlement to VA compensation to use his/her Chapter 31 benefits. The VA may approve an extension of time and/or length of training in certain cases.

Chapter 32: Post-Vietnam Veterans’ Educational Assistance Program (VEAP) Individuals must have initially entered active duty from January 1, 1977 to June 30, 1985 and must have enrolled and contributed to VEAP before April 1, 1987. Many VEAP-era veterans who separated from active duty after February 2, 1991, had the opportunity to convert from Chapter 32 to Chapter 30.

VEAP is a voluntary contribution and matching program. Participants may have contributed as much as $2,700.00. The government matches the participants’ contributions on a $2 to $1 basis. The monthly rate varies depending on the total contribution made by the veteran and matched by the government. Additional kickers may have been made by the military. Chapter 33: Post 9/11 GI Bill (NEW) The Post 9/11 GI Bill provides financial support for education and housing to individuals with at least 90 days of aggregate service on or after September 11, 2001, or individuals discharged with a service-connected disability after 30 days. You must have received an honorable discharge to be eligible for the Post-9/11 GI Bill.

The Post-9/11 GI Bill will become effective for training on or after August 1, 2009. The amount of support that an individual may qualify for depends on where they live and what type of degree they are pursuing. For a summary of Post 9/11 GI Bill benefits, see the Benefit Comparison Chart.

Approved training under the Post-9/11 GI Bill includes graduate and undergraduate degrees, and vocational/technical training. All training programs must be offered by an institution of higher learning (IHL) and approved for GI Bill benefits. Additionally, tutorial assistance, and licensing and certification test reimbursement are approved under the Post- 9/11 GI Bill.

Chapter 35: Survivors’ & Dependents’ Educational Assistance Program (DEA)
The Dependents’ Educational Assistance program, or DEA, provides education and training opportunities to eligible dependents and survivors of certain veterans. To be eligible, a student must be a spouse, son, or daughter (including stepchild or adopted child), of a veteran who is permanently and totally disabled as the result of, or dies, of, a service-connected disability. The disability must arise out of or be aggravated by active duty; a veteran with a permanent and total service-connected disability who dies from any cause; service member who is missing in action or is captured in line of duty and is currently being held by a hostile force; or a service member who is currently being forcibly detained or interned in line of duty by a foreign government or power.

Chapter 1606: MGIB Selected Reserve
It is an educational program for active members of the Selected Reserve. Basic eligibility requires a six-year obligation to serve in the Selected Reserve and satisfactory participation in required Selected Reserve training. Participation in Chapter 1606 requires no monetary contribution on the part of the Servicemember. The Selected Reserve components of the Ready Reserve include the Army Reserve, Naval Reserve, Air Force Reserve, Marine Corps Reserve, Coast Guard Reserve, Army National Guard, and Air National Guard. Chapter 1606 eligibility is determined by the Department of Defense or by the Department of Transportation (Coast Guard), not by the VA.

1606 Kicker: An additional amount, called a kicker, may be added to the benefit of some Chapter 1606 students. A Chapter 1606 kicker may be a part of the original enlistment contract or part of a re-enlistment contract.

Chapter 1607: Reserve Educational Assistance Program (REAP)
REAP was established in 2004 as a part of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act. It is a Department of Defense education benefit program designed to provide educational assistance to members of the Reserve components called or ordered to active duty in response to a war or national emergency. This program makes certain individuals who were activated or mobilized for more than 90 consecutive days after September 11, 2001 eligible for either education benefits or eligible for increased benefits.

Urgent Memo